Drones are unmanned aerial vehicle. Drones are kind of air vehicle which fly without any actual pilot or crew on board. So, it is often referred as unpiloted aircraft.
UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) are made up of light composite materials which reduce their weight and increase their strength and maneuverability.
Initially drones were only used by military. Now it is used by many professional and individuals.
Drones are used in various fields. Areas in which drones can be used are construction, defense, photography, marketing, delivery, agriculture, rescue, entertainment etc.
In these field drones are playing a vital role and making things easier and efficient.
Due to some drone flying restrictions, it is not being used to its full potential.
India has a record of 19,553 drones. While the world is using more than 16 lakhs drones by 2020.
There are various drone technologies used for various purposes. Let us discuss the Importance of drone technology and the Best uses for drones.
Best uses for drones
Drone comes in a variety of sizes and there are various drone technologies. Few of them are listed as under:
Every drone is not capable of vertical take-off and landing. Drones are quad-copters that can take-off, fly, hover, and land vertically. That is why it is called VTOL.
There are drones that can be launched from palm of your hand.
These drones are equipped with dual navigation technology. It connects to a group of navigation satellites when it is turned on. This satellite constellation gives this drone accurate coordinates of the destination.
This kind of drone is loaded with many detection sensors. Such as ultrasonic, vision sensor, infrared, lidar, monocular vision etc. These drones scan surroundings and do the 3D mapping.
Drones equipped with gyroscope which allows them to fly, rover, and land smoothly against any external force.
These drones have a propulsion system that allows the drone to fly and hover in any direction.
This type of drone has a GPS system which helps in knowing the real-time location, and improves accuracy.
Such drones are used to send and receive real-time data. With the introduction of 5G network the accuracy and speed of transmission of data in such drones have improved manifold.
These drones are equipped with high definition cameras that records and transmit real-time video (Live Video) of a location while flying at a height.
Drone technologies hold great importance in many fields. Areas like construction, defense, Aerial photography, marketing, delivery, Agriculture, rescue, entertainment holds many Real Time applications of drones.
Few of them are listed below;
For both ecommerce companies and small entrepreneurs it is costly to pay a delivery person for a small distance even if the efficiency is low. So drone is a better substitute for delivery person to reduce operational cost.
Drones with GPS, transmission, and Gyro stabilization technology are used to deliver parcels to a small distance.
It not just saves manpower but also shifts unnecessary road traffic to sky. Drones can be used for quick delivery of small packages, medicines, food, etc. over a short distance.
Air Taxi and Ambulance are now the demand of time. With growing environmental concerns and traffic on road the demand of air taxi is growing.
Drone Taxi not just reduces the travel time but also reduce carbon emission, cost incurred, and congestion in traffic.
Air ambulances are helping people to get medical attention quickly. Specifically in flood affected areas and congested locations drone ambulance can do wonders.
Drones can be used to quickly send means to a disaster affected location.
Whether it a natural or a manmade disaster drones can reach the earliest, record and send information, navigate other concerned persons, and can look for injured and victims.
UAV with cameras and sensors can give a better high definition view of the location, and reach up to a congested lace due to its smaller size.
Drones loaded with thermal sensors, infrared, night vision cameras and transmission devices; drones can work as a strong surveillance system.
It can send real-time information about location of lost persons, unfortunate victims, culprits even at difficult and high terrains.
Aerial photography not just gives a detailed view of the location and subject but also gives information about the near surroundings at a much lower costs.
Commercial photographers, cartographers, geologists etc are using these drones to get better understanding of the subjects.
For large public gathering drones keeps surveillance and ensure safety of the crowd.
Due to its maneuverability, small size, and strength it can be sent to tornados, hurricanes etc. to sent data about the same. It can help weather scientists to know the detailed weather parameters.
Drones with thermal sensors and gyroscope give insights of the weather trajectory.
Drone with high-definition cameras can help to capture an aerial view of cricket, soccer, and sports matches.
Cinematographers use such drones to capture life-pictures and to take aerial shots.
Drones can be used for monitoring forest reserves, wildlife sanctuaries, and zoo. Drones can send information about poachers.
Such UAV with thermal sensors and night vision cameras it can monitor such areas also during night.
It can help in observing wild animals without going near to them and causing them any harm.
The Importance of drone technology is quite evident from the above discussion. The wide range of technologies conveys Real Time applications of drones.
With more weight capacity, robust and advance technologies, longer flight duration and maneuverability, the drones can be much more useful than it is now.
Integration of different drone technologies, and wide range of sizes and capacity of such drones, it is an inevitable asset for businesses.
There is huge scope of drones in many other fields such as agriculture, garbage management and sanitation, traffic monitoring etc.
So the government and businesses should build required infrastructure and create policies for Real Time applications of drones.
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